The EuroSciCon will be holding its CPD accredited for the STD-AIDS 2017 focus on advancements & future of STDs from December 07-08, 2017 in Rome, Italy. The theme of this year’s meeting is “A step forward towards Venereal Diseases for the safety of life" which will provide an international platform for discussion of present and future challenges in various Sexually transmitted diseases, STDs education, continuing education and expertise meeting. World-leading health practitioners, clinicians, educators and researchers will present cutting-edge and practical clinical techniques based upon widely accepted evidence and will introduce new and emerging research.
STD-AIDS 2017 includes international attendee workshops, lectures and symposia, including a designated registration area, a refreshment break and gala lunch. STDs educators can join the EuroSciCon as an international member to receive discounts on registration. So come and join leading experts and allied professionals from December 07-08, 2017 in Rome, Italy to keep up with the rapidly accelerating pace of change that is already having an impact on the field of HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs and will continue to in the future.
About Rome, Italy
Rome is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy and serves as the 3rd most visited place in the European Union. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. Rome is a foremost archaeological hub, and hence it made Rome one of the world's main sites for archaeological research. Rome has been a major Christian pilgrimage site since the middle Ages. Some of the tourist attract places in Rome may include Colosseum, Pantheon, Vatican Museums , St. Peter's Basilica, Squares and Fountains, Villa Borghese, Castel St. Angelo, Baths of Caracalla, Campidoglio and many more. The Colosseum and the Vatican Museums are the most visited places in the world. The most notable of parks and gardens in Rome are Villa Borghese, Villa Ada, and Villa Doria Pamphili. Rome is a major world centre of the Renaissance which includes Piazza di Spagna, Piazza Navona, Piazza Venezia, Campo de' Fiori, Piazza della Minerva , Piazza della Rotonda and Piazza Farnese.
According to the WHO, number of cases has increased by around 1 million each year with over 357 million people already suffering from one of the four types of STI. It is also estimated that over 290 million women are having HPV infection and over 25% of them are unaware of the infection. In Italy, 19.5% of all new cases of STDs are diagnosed in young people (15–24 years old). Recent studies of sexual activity in Italian adolescents found that many of them have their first sexual experience at a very early age (15.6 Ë˜ 1.6 years old), often without protection against STDs. HIV epidemic continues to affect the European countries with different magnitude and dynamics. Italy, with about 60 million of inhabitants and about 4 thousand new diagnoses of HIV infection annually, contributes significantly to outline the profile of the HIV epidemic in Europe.
Sessions & Tracks
Sexually transmitted diseases: STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD that are the most common contagious diseases. STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. STDs can be dangerous, but getting tested is not complicate, and most STDs are easy to treat. It is important to treat STIs as soon as possible and not to spread them, but if an STI is left untreated, it may cause other complications in the body. Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to provide national leadership, research, policy development, and scientific information to help people to live safe, healthy lives with the prevention of STDs and their complications.
- Genital Herpes
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Viral Hepatitis
Viral, Fungal, Bacterial & Protozoan STDs & Infections: Various STDs and STIs are spread from infected person through contact with body fluids such as blood, semen or vaginal fluids and contact with infected skin or mucous membranes, such as sores in the mouth. Bacterial STIs include gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis. Viral STIs include HIV, genital warts (HPV), genital herpes and hepatitis B. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite.
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
Infertility & Birth Defects: Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that occurs in organs of a women’s reproductive system that include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are foremost causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. A low sperm motility and low sperm count are indicators of STDs condition in male that may lead to infertility. Trichomoniasis can adversely affect a woman’s ability to conceive a child if left untreated.
- Genetic disorder
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Poor growth
- Mental retardation
- Premature birth
- Low birth weigh
- Effect of STD’s on Men’s Fertility
Sex workers health and rights: Persons with multiple sex partner are prompt to high risk of getting or transmitting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because they are engage more in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex without a condom, sex with multiple partners) and substance use. Sex workers are main victim of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to increased numbers of partners and incidences of contact. Sex workers are prefer to practice safer sex as HIV and AIDS seems to be the most important problem they face.
- Safer sex
- Peer education on raising awareness regarding STIs
- Using a condom for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse
- Risk at Sex workers
- Promotion and offering of STI screening, treatment and management
- HIV prevention programmes for sex workers
Immunology of HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs: Strong immune response may help to protect against infectious disease. The HIV virus attacks CD4 and destroys these cells, making it harder for the body to fight off other infections. The HIV patient faces weak immune system and hence they need to boost up their immune with proper diets and other supplements. Immunogenetics helps to understand the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and infections under clinical studies of STDs.
- Role of Core Groups
- Detection of infectious diseases
- Role of female immune response
- Sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related enteric infections
- Human Leukocyte Antigen
Diagnosis of STDS: There are different tests for different sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and depend on the type of STD a person gets. Screening should be done first to detect the presence of STDs and STIs. Screening for HIV, hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis usually takes place at the first prenatal appointment for all pregnant women. HIV infection can be diagnosed by serologic tests that detect antibodies against HIV-1 and HIV-2 and virologic tests help to detect HIV antigens or ribonucleic acid (RNA).
- Detection of antibodies
- Bicillin-LA (benzathine penicillin G)
- Molecular diagnostic
- Procaine Penicillin G
- Neurosyphilis diagnostics
- Serology for detection of antibodies
HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs – testing: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest HIV testing as a routine part of medical care for adolescent or adult between the ages of 15 and 65 at least once. STDs may be detected during a physical exam; through Pap smears; and in tests of urine, blood, and genital and anal secretions. For STDs– like herpes, hepatitis, HIV and syphilis, a small blood sample is used for the STD testing while chlamydia and gonorrhea test is done with a urine sample.
- Antibody tests
- HIV RNA
- Whiff test
- Immunochromatographic assays
- Nucleic acid amplification tests
Prevention &Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections: Viral infections treatment such as HIV comprises patient care and ethical support including antiretroviral therapy. Bacterial infections can be treated by administering antibiotics to the patients. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured, but can manage symptoms with medications. Yeast infections can be primarily treated by sterilisation methods. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs.
- Good hygienic practices
- Diagnosis of infectious diseases
- HPV Vaccines
- Genital Herpes vaccines
- Antiviral therapy
- Tetracycline tablets.
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission: Mother-to-child transmission is a common way that children become infected with HIV from their parents. Transmission of HIV spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (through breast milk). Specific programme provides a wide-ranging support and clinical services along with other public health enterprises, to prevent the spread of HIV from parents to their baby.
- Types of STDs in pregnancy
- Risk of transmission
- Antimicrobial drugs
- STD affects during pregnancy
- Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV during Childbirth
- HIV Medicines During Pregnancy and Childbirth
Natural Protection against HIV/AIDS: Natural protection is the most relevant way to protect from viruses, bacteria and parasites. HIV infection is a major health crisis in human history. Natural remedies like Curcumin is an effective treatment for HIV-associated diarrhea, Neem leaf extract safely increases CD4 cell levels in patients with HIV/AIDS. Staying healthy will prevent from many infectious diseases. Interferon-ε helps to protect the female reproductive tract from viral and bacterial infection. AIDS and hepatitis have been known to spread through needle sharing so care should be taken while sharing needles.
- Proper Education for STDs
- Organising programs for awareness
- Reduce Number of Sex Partners
- Use of condoms
- Dietary intake of micronutrients at RDA
- Consider monogamy
- Antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral diet
Advanced Techniques involved in STDs: Several treatments are introduced against STDs and STIs with modern techniques and equipment. Immediate treatments can cure or reduce diseases caused by STDs. Penicillin G benzathine is the recommended treatment for syphilis for pregnant women infected or exposed to syphilis. Proctoscopy is performed to inspect for lumps, ulcers, pus, and bleeding and specimen collection. Nucleic acid amplification tests reflect the best and gold standard for detecting HSV 1 and 2.
- Fusion Inhibitors
- Expedited Partner Therapy
- Pharmaceutical design of Drug and mechanism
- Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
- Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
Public Awareness on STDS and AIDS: Various programs are being organized to keep people aware of STDs and STIs for better and safe life. Research shows that rates of STDs among some racial or ethnic minority groups are higher compared to whites. Factors such as poverty, fewer jobs, large gaps between the rich and the poor and low education levels can make it harder for people to stay sexually healthy. Proper screening, testing, diagnosis and treatment for infected individuals help to fight against sexually transmitted diseases at a time.
- Avoid intravenous drugs
- Using latex gloves and other barriers
- Get tested for HIV
- Precursion during intercourse
- Lifestyle and home remedies
Global market for STD-AIDS: Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the most critical health challenges facing in today’s world. Generally, patients suffering from STDs are mainly within 15 to 44 years, and ~500 million new cases of STDs are registered per year. The STDs global testing market was valued at $107,024 million in 2015, and estimated to reach $190,010 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of 8.5% over the forecast period. The growth in the market is primarily attributed to the high growth in HIV and HPV testing, especially in Asia Pacific and African regions along with complimenting growth rate of the European market. Microfluidics is probable grow fastest, growing at a CAGR of 34.2% owing to the ease of use, technological advancements, and quick results in diagnostics.
- STD-AIDS Testing Market by testing devices
- STD-AIDS Testing Market by location
- STD-AIDS Testing Market by geography
- Private & public laboratory testing
- Technological Advancements for STDs diagnostic market
- Market Dynamics