AIDS & Infectious Diseases 2018
EuroSciCon will be hosting the International Conference on AIDS & Infectious Diseases 2018 that focus on advancements & future of infectious diseases from April 26-27, 2018 in Rome, Italy. The theme of this year’s meeting is “Exploring new trends and innovative strategies for the treatment and prevention of Infectious Diseases" which will provide an international platform for discussion of present and future challenges in various infectious diseases, Sexually transmitted diseases & infections, HIV/AIDS and other related diseases. World-leading health practitioners, clinicians, educators and researchers will present cutting-edge and practical clinical techniques based upon widely accepted evidence and will introduce new and emerging research in this International STD-AIDS Conference.
AIDS & Infectious Diseases 2018 includes international attendee workshops, lectures and symposia, including a designated registration area, a refreshment break and gala lunch. STDs educators can join the EuroSciCon as an international member to receive discounts on registration. So come and join STD-AIDS Conferences with the leading experts and allied professionals from April 26-27, 2018 in Rome, Italy to keep up with the rapidly accelerating pace of change that is already having an impact on the field of HIV/AIDS, STDs & STIs and will continue to in the future.
About Rome, Italy
Rome is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy and serves as the 3rd most visited place in the European Union. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. Rome is a foremost archaeological hub, and hence it made Rome one of the world's main sites for archaeological research. Rome has been a major Christian pilgrimage site since the Middle Ages. Some of the tourists attract places in Rome may include Colosseum, Pantheon, Vatican Museums, St. Peter's Basilica, Squares and Fountains, Villa Borghese, Castel St. Angelo, Baths of Caracalla, Campidoglio and many more. The Colosseum and the Vatican Museums are the most visited places in the world. The most notable of parks and gardens in Rome are Villa Borghese, Villa Ada, and Villa Doria Pamphili. Rome is a major world centre of the Renaissance which includes Piazza di Spagna, Piazza Navona, Piazza Venezia, Campo de' Fiori, Piazza della Minerva, Piazza della Rotonda and Piazza Farnese.
According to the WHO, the number of cases has increased by around 1 million each year with over 357 million people already suffering from one of the four types of STI. It is also estimated that over 290 million women are having HPV infection and over 25% of them are unaware of the infection. In Italy, 19.5% of all new cases of STDs are diagnosed in young people (15–24 years old). Recent studies of sexual activity in Italian adolescents found that many of them have their first sexual experience at a very early age (15.6 Ë˜ 1.6 years old), often without protection against STDs. HIV epidemic continues to affect the European countries with different magnitude and dynamics. Italy, with about 60 million inhabitants and about 4 thousand new diagnoses of HIV infection annually, contributes significantly to outline the profile of the HIV epidemic in Europe.
Sessions & Tracks
Infectious Diseases: Infectious diseases are the disorder caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi that spread from one person to another directly or indirectly. Such diseases are communicable or non-communicable. Many organisms live in and on our bodies are harmless or even helpful. Under certain circumstance, these organisms become a disorder due to some metabolic changes in them. Infections invade organism’s body tissues by disease-causing agents through their multiplication and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
- Diagnosis & Prevention
- Viral, Bacterial and fungal diseases
- Infection Control in Dialysis
- Pharmacology and Infectious Diseases
Viral Infectious Diseases: Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They can affect your whole body with all over muscle soreness and fever. They invade normal living cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. Viral infection are contagious than bacterial infections. Most viral infections last from several days to 2 weeks as long as the virus affects the body. Vaccines can reduce the risk of acquiring some viral illnesses and help protect against the flu, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, herpes zoster (shingles), cancer-causing strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), polio, rabies, rotavirus, and other viruses.
- Respiratory viruses
- Marburg virus
- Pox Disease
- Measles, Mumps, and Rubella
- Urinary Tract Infections
Bacterial Infectious Diseases: Bacterial ecology is defined as the interaction between bacteria and with their environment. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood, tissues, and other body fluids. Bacteria play a vital role in the biosphere and certain key processes, such as the production and oxidation of methane, soil formation, conversion of rock to soil etc. Major researchers in bacteriology over the past years resulted in the development of many useful vaccines.
- Mycobacterial Infections
- Zoonotic Bacterial Diseases
- Typhoid fever
- Genital infections
Fungal Infectious Diseases: Fungal infections often start in the lungs or on the skin. Fungi can be difficult to kill. Fungal diseases are usually caused by common fungi found in our environment, including the soil, plants, trees, and even on our skin and other parts of the body. Symptoms of fungal infection depend on the type and location of the body. Fungal infections may be mild, manifesting as rashes or mild respiratory problems. However, some diseases may be severe and can cause serious complications and death.
- Fungal Nail Infections
- Pneumocystis pneumonia
- Candida auris
- C. neoformans Infection
- C. gattii Infection
- Fungal Eye Infections
STDs & STIs: STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD that are the most common contagious diseases. STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. STDs can be dangerous, but getting tested is not complicated, and most STDs are easy to treat. It is important to treat STIs as soon as possible and not to spread them, but if an STI is left untreated, it may cause other complications in the body. Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to provide national leadership, research, policy development, and scientific information to help people to live safe, healthy lives with the prevention of STDs and their complications.
- Genital Herpes
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Viral Hepatitis
- Trichomonas vaginalis
- Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
- Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
HIV/AIDS: HIV is a serious problem in worldwide which cause by lentivirus that leads to HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV and can only be diagnosed by a doctor. HIV is spread when an HIV-infected person's body fluids (blood, semen, fluids from the vagina or breast milk) enter another person’s bloodstream. The most common way people are infected with HIV is by having unprotected sex (vaginal, anal or oral). While having unprotected sex, the virus can enter the bloodstream through linings in the mouth, anus, sex organs (the penis and vagina), or through broken skin. Pregnant women with HIV can give the virus to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth or through breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread by sharing needles that are used for taking drugs (legal and illegal), tattooing, and piercing. Both men and women can spread HIV. A person with HIV can feel okay and still give the virus to others.
- HIV during pregnancy
- HIV/AIDS Drug Discovery and Research
- HIV and Co-infections
- HIV Diagnosis & Treatments
- HIV and Aging
- HIV Persistence and Eradication
Pediatric Infectious Diseases: A child has a weak immune system that leads to the causes of various infectious diseases. Pediatric infectious diseases specialists treat children from birth through the teen years. Pediatric infectious diseases are immunologic diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Immunization against diseases such as Polio, Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis saves the lives of approximately three million children each year. Environmental and food allergies in children occur when the children’s immune system reacts to normal harmless substances present in the environment.
- Maternal Infections
- Cold & Cough Bone and joint infections
- Tuberculosis (TB)
Tropical Infectious Diseases: Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions. The diseases are less common in temperate climates, due in part to the occurrence of a cold season, which controls the insect population by forcing hibernation. Tropical diseases are depended on Climate change, global warming caused by the greenhouse effect and the resulting increase in global temperature. Most often the disease is transmitted by an insect "bite", which causes transmission of the infectious agent through subcutaneous blood exchange.
- Chagas disease
- Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease)
- Infectious diseases
- Lymphatic filariasis
Neurological Infectious Diseases: Neurological disorders are mainly associated with viral and immune-mediated disorders of the nervous system. The main causes of neurological problems vary with genetic disorders, infections, congenital abnormalities or disorders, lifestyle or environmental health problems including malnutrition, and brain injury, nerve injury or spinal cord injury. Neurological infections occur when these viruses and organisms invade the nervous system. Common symptoms of the neurological infectious disease include pain, swelling, redness like impaired function and fever are the characteristics of neural infection.
- Creutzfeld Jakob and other brain prion diseases
- Autoimmune encephalitis
- Neuro-epidemiological Infectious Disease
- Prion diseases
- Brain abscess
- Cerebrovascular Diseases
Hepatitis/ Syphilis/ Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Hepatitis is an aggravation of the liver tissue that may be acute or chronic depending on whether it lasts for less than or more than six months. The chronic form may develop to scarring of the liver, liver failure, or liver cancer. Acute hepatitis can resolve all alone, advance to chronic hepatitis, or seldom result in intense liver failure. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum of subspecies pallidum. Syphilis spread mostly through sexual activity and may also be spread from mother to baby during pregnancy or at birth, resulting in congenital syphilis. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is frequently spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. T. vaginalis infection is the main cause asymptomatic urethritis and prostatitis in males that may eventually lead to prostate cancer.
- Types of Hepatitis
- Treponema pallidum
- Congenital syphilis
Dermatological Infectious Diseases: Dermatology deals with the hair, nails and skin illness. Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the soft tissues underneath. It happens when bacteria enter a break in the skin and spread. Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection. Presenting the skin to air harms has been associated with skin developing and provocative or negatively defenceless skin conditions, for instance, atopic dermatitis, dermatitis, psoriasis or skins break out, while skin development is among the most certifiable effects.
- Molluscum Contagiosum
- Gas Gangrene
Respiratory Infectious Diseases: Acute respiratory infection is an infection that may interfere with normal breathing. It can influence the upper respiratory system, which starts at sinuses and ends at vocal chords. It can also likewise influence the lower respiratory system, which starts at vocal chords and ends at your lungs. This infection is particularly dangerous for children, older adults, and people with immune system disorders. People with lung problems or heart disease are more likely to contract an acute respiratory infection.
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Cystic Fibrosis
Heart and Cardiovascular Infectious Diseases: Cardiovascular disease involves the heart or blood vessels which includes coronary artery diseases such as angina and myocardial infarction. Some effects of stroke are permanent that leads to dying brain cells due to lack of blood and oxygen to the brain. Heart and Cardiovascular Infectious Diseases can be prevented by improving risk factors through consuming less alcohol and tobacco, eating fresh fruit and vegetables, reducing salt intake and avoiding sedentary lifestyles, particularly among children. Recent areas of research include the link between inflammation and atherosclerosis, the potential for novel therapeutic interventions and the genetics of coronary heart disease.
- Infective endocarditis
- Ischemic heart Diseases
- Hypertensive heart diseases
- Rheumatic heart diseases
- Inflammatory heart diseases
Epidemiological Diseases: Major areas of epidemiological study include disease causation, transmission, outbreak investigation, disease surveillance, forensic epidemiology, Occupational epidemiology, screening, biomonitoring, and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. Pandemic, epidemic and endemic infectious diseases are united by a common problem to identify potential pharmacological interventions to treat infections. The large numbers of emerging and neglected infectious diseases are badly affecting the poorest members of the global society; new ways are required to develop high productivity discovery systems that can be applied to a large number of pathogens.
- Chronic Diseases Epidemiology
- Clinical Epidemiology
- Infectious Diseases Epidemiology
- Molecular Epidemiology
- Ebola and Zika
- Parasitic Diseases
Vaccines and Vaccination: The clinical effect desired is to cause stimulation of an individual's immune system in order to develop an adaptive immunity against the pathogen constituting the vaccine. Immunizations are one among the success stories of recent drugs and their system helps your body fight germs by manufacturing substances to combat them. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen.
- Surveillance for VPDs
- New Approaches in Polio Eradication
- Advances and Development
- Polio Vaccines
Infertility & Birth Defects: Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that occurs in organs of a woman's reproductive system that include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are foremost causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. A low sperm motility and low sperm count are indicators of STDs condition in the male that may lead to infertility. Trichomoniasis can adversely affect a woman’s ability to conceive a child if left untreated.
- Genetic disorder
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Poor growth
- Mental retardation
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
- Effect of STD’s on Men’s Fertility
Sex workers health and rights: Persons with multiple sex partner are prompt to high risk of getting or transmitting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because they are engaged more in risky sexual behaviours (e.g., sex without a condom, sex with multiple partners) and substance use. Sex workers are the main victim of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to increased numbers of partners and incidences of contact. Sex workers prefer to practice safer sex as HIV and AIDS seem to be the most important problem they face.
- Safer sex
- Peer education on raising awareness regarding STIs
- Using a condom for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse
- Risk at Sex workers
- Promotion and offering of STI screening, treatment and management
- HIV prevention programmes for sex workers
Ophthalmological Infectious Diseases: Many common viral eye infections have an effect on the various parts of the eye. Ophthalmic infectious diseases are mainly focused on medical and surgical techniques and treatments involved in the management of eye diseases. Myopia is a condition of the eye where the light that comes in doesn't directly concentrate on the retina however ahead of it, inflicting the image that one sees once viewing a far-off object to out of focus, however, focused once viewing at a closer object. Diagnosis is based on microscopy, ultrasonography, angiography, optical coherence tomography, autofluorescence imaging and biopsy.
- Mobility Enhancement and Vision Rehabilitation
- Wolbachia plus Onchocerca volvulus
- Ocular Genomics
- Chlamydia trachomatis
Emerging Infectious Diseases: Many organisms live in and on our bodies which are normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. EIDs are caused by newly identified species or strains that may have evolved from a known infection or spread to a new population. Occupational epidemiology is of great importance in clinical epidemiology and of occupational hygiene since it provides powerful and good information to understand the causes and determinants of work-related ill-health, to help establish what steps should be taken to reduce occupational risks, and to evaluate interventions for the benefits of workers, and of the community in a bigger manner.
- Lyme disease
- Zika Virus
- Dengue virus and West Nile virus
Prevention & Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Infections: Viral infections treatment such as HIV comprises patient care and ethical support including antiretroviral therapy. Bacterial infections can be treated by administering antibiotics to the patients. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured but can manage symptoms with medications. Yeast infections can be primarily treated by sterilisation methods. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs.
- Good hygienic practices
- Diagnosis of infectious diseases
- HPV Vaccines
- Genital Herpes vaccines
- Antiviral therapy
- Tetracycline tablets
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission: Mother-to-child transmission is a common way that children become infected with HIV from their parents. Transmission of HIV spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (through breast milk). The specific programme provides a wide-ranging support and clinical services along with other public health enterprises, to prevent the spread of HIV from parents to their baby.
- Types of STDs in pregnancy
- Risk of transmission
- Antimicrobial drugs
- STD affects during pregnancy
- Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV during Childbirth
- HIV Medicines during Pregnancy and Childbirth
Natural Protection against HIV/AIDS: Natural protection is the most relevant way to protect from viruses, bacteria and parasites. HIV infection is a major health crisis in human history. Natural remedies like Curcumin is an effective treatment for HIV-associated diarrhea, Neem leaf extract safely increases CD4 cell levels in patients with HIV/AIDS. Staying healthy will prevent many infectious diseases. Interferon-ε helps to protect the female reproductive tract from viral and bacterial infection. The reliable use of condoms will reduce the risk of spreading AIDS/HIV infections. AIDS and hepatitis have been known to spread through needle sharing so care should be taken while sharing needles.
- Proper Education for STDs
- Organising programs for awareness
- Reduce Number of Sex Partners
- Use of condoms
- Dietary intake of micronutrients at RDA
- Consider monogamy
- Antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral diet
Communicable and Non-communicable Infectious Diseases: A communicable disease has been spread through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect from one person to the other person. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are mainly caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. The role of the immune system in disease is illustrated with examples of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions.
- Heart Disease
Antiviral, Antibacterial, Antimicrobial agents: Antimicrobial has a vital role in killing the microorganisms by reducing their growth and metabolic activities. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against bacteria, virus and fungus. They suppress virus, bacteria or fungus and its ability to replicate and, hence, inhibit its capability to multiply and reproduce. An antibiotic is given for the treatment of an infection caused by bacteria. Antibacterial is the most commonly described as agents used to disinfect surfaces and eliminate potentially harmful bacteria.
- Bacteriostats, sanitizers, disinfectants and sterilizers
- Natural antifungals
- New technologies in the development
- Prescribing Improved agents
Case study in Infectious Disease and HIV: A complete study of current trends in the infectious diseases therapeutic and diagnostic market, industry growth drivers, advanced therapies and restraints. It provides market projections for the coming years. It includes analysis of recent developments in technologies of infection diagnosis and treatment. Case-studies focus on acute respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, hepatitis, HIV, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, and other vector-borne diseases.
Public Awareness on STDs, AIDS & Infectious Diseases: Infections are caused by micro-organisms known as pathogens, bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that enter the body, multiply, and interfere with normal functions. Infectious diseases are a leading cause of illness and death around the world. Immunization/Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions to date, saving millions of lives1 and protecting countless children from illness and disability.
- Role of health communication
- Improving preparedness for infectious disease emergencies
- Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infections
- Municipal water treatment