Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Infectious diseases are the disorder caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi that spread from one person to another directly or indirectly.  Such diseases are communicable or non-communicable. Many organisms live in and on our bodies are harmless or even helpful. Under certain circumstance, these organisms become a disorder due to some metabolic changes in them. Infections invade organism’s body tissues by disease-causing agents through their multiplication and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.

  • Track 1-1Foodborne
  • Track 1-2Pathophysiology
  • Track 1-3Diagnosis & Prevention
  • Track 1-4Viral, Bacterial and fungal diseases
  • Track 1-5Airborne
  • Track 1-6Infection Control in Dialysis
  • Track 1-7Pharmacology and Infectious Diseases

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They can affect your whole body with all over muscle soreness and fever. They invade normal living cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. Viral infection is contagious than bacterial infections. Most viral infections last from several days to 2 weeks as long as the virus affects the body. Vaccines can reduce the risk of acquiring some viral illnesses and help protect against the flu, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, herpes zoster (shingles), cancer-causing strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), measles/mumps/rubella (MMR), polio, rabies, rotavirus, and other viruses.

  • Track 2-1Influenza
  • Track 2-2Respiratory viruses
  • Track 2-3Marburg virus
  • Track 2-4Rabies
  • Track 2-5Smallpox
  • Track 2-6Hantavirus
  • Track 2-7Rotavirus
  • Track 2-8Pox Disease
  • Track 2-9Polio
  • Track 2-10Measles, Mumps, and Rubella
  • Track 2-11Urinary Tract Infections

Bacterial ecology is defined as the interaction between bacteria and with their environment. Bacteria are microscopic, single-cell organisms that live almost everywhere. Bacteria live in every climate and location on earth. Some are airborne while others live in water or soil. Bacteria live on and inside plants, animals, and people. Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood, tissues, and other body fluids. Bacteria play a vital role in the biosphere and certain key processes, such as the production and oxidation of methane, soil formation, conversion of rock to soil etc. Major researchers in bacteriology over the past years resulted in the development of many useful vaccines.

  • Track 3-1Mycobacterial Infections
  • Track 3-2Zoonotic Bacterial Diseases
  • Track 3-3Tetanus
  • Track 3-4Typhoid fever
  • Track 3-5Anthrax
  • Track 3-6Cholera
  • Track 3-7Plague
  • Track 3-8Pneumonia
  • Track 3-9Genital infections
  • Track 3-10Leprosy

Fungal infections often start in the lungs or on the skin. Fungi can be difficult to kill. Fungal diseases are usually caused by common fungi found in our environment, including the soil, plants, trees, and even on our skin and other parts of the body. Symptoms of fungal infection depend on the type and location of the body. Fungal infections may be mild, manifesting as rashes or mild respiratory problems. However, some diseases may be severe and can cause serious complications and death.

  • Track 4-1Aspergillosis
  • Track 4-2Fungal Nail Infections
  • Track 4-3Blastomycosis
  • Track 4-4Mycetoma
  • Track 4-5Pneumocystis pneumonia
  • Track 4-6Candidiasis
  • Track 4-7Candida auris
  • Track 4-8Coccidioidomycosis
  • Track 4-9C. neoformans Infection
  • Track 4-10C. gattii Infection
  • Track 4-11Fungal Eye Infections
  • Track 4-12Histoplasmosis
  • Track 4-13Histoplasmosis
  • Track 4-14Mucormycosis
  • Track 4-15Ringworm
  • Track 4-16Sporotrichosis

STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD that are the most common contagious diseases. STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. STDs can be dangerous, but getting tested is not complicated, and most STDs are easy to treat. It is important to treat STIs as soon as possible and not to spread them, but if an STI is left untreated, it may cause other complications in the body. Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to provide national leadership, research, policy development, and scientific information to help people to live safe, healthy lives with the prevention of STDs and their complications.

  • Track 5-1Chlamydia
  • Track 5-2Gonorrhea
  • Track 5-3 Genital Herpes
  • Track 5-4Syphilis
  • Track 5-5Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Track 5-6Viral Hepatitis
  • Track 5-7Trichomonas vaginalis
  • Track 5-8Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
  • Track 5-9Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
  • Track 5-10Cytomegalovirus

HIV is a serious problem in worldwide which cause by lentivirus that leads to HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV and can only be diagnosed by a doctor. HIV is spread when an HIV-infected person's body fluids (blood, semen, fluids from the vagina or breast milk) enter another person’s bloodstream. The most common way people are infected with HIV is by having unprotected sex (vaginal, anal or oral). While having unprotected sex, the virus can enter the bloodstream through linings in the mouth, anus, sex organs (the penis and vagina), or through broken skin. Pregnant women with HIV can give the virus to their babies during pregnancy, childbirth or through breastfeeding. HIV can also be spread by sharing needles that are used for taking drugs (legal and illegal), tattooing, and piercing. Both men and women can spread HIV. A person with HIV can feel okay and still give the virus to others.

  • Track 6-1HIV during pregnancy
  • Track 6-2HIV/AIDS Drug Discovery and Research
  • Track 6-3HIV and Co-infections
  • Track 6-4HIV Diagnosis & Treatments
  • Track 6-5HIV and Aging
  • Track 6-6Prognosis
  • Track 6-7HIV Persistence and Eradication

A child has a weak immune system that leads to the causes of various infectious diseases. Pediatric infectious diseases specialists treat children from birth through the teen years. Pediatric infectious diseases are immunologic diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Immunization against diseases such as Polio, Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis saves the lives of approximately three million children each year. Environmental and food allergies in children occur when the children’s immune system reacts to normally harmless substances present in the environment.

  • Track 7-1Immunization
  • Track 7-2Maternal Infections
  • Track 7-3Influenza
  • Track 7-4Cold & Cough Bone and joint infections
  • Track 7-5Tuberculosis (TB)
  • Track 7-6Hepatitis
  • Track 7-7Meningitis

Tropical diseases are diseases that are prevalent in or unique to tropical and subtropical regions. The diseases are less common in temperate climates, due in part to the occurrence of a cold season, which controls the insect population by forcing hibernation. Tropical diseases are depended on Climate change, global warming caused by the greenhouse effect and the resulting increase in global temperature. Most often the disease is transmitted by an insect "bite", which causes transmission of the infectious agent through subcutaneous blood exchange.

  • Track 8-1Dengue
  • Track 8-2Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease)
  • Track 8-3Infectious diseases
  • Track 8-4Malaria
  • Track 8-5Leishmaniasis
  • Track 8-6Lymphatic filariasis
  • Track 8-7Chagas disease

Neurological disorders are mainly associated with viral and immune-mediated disorders of the nervous system. The main causes of neurological problems vary with genetic disorders, infections, congenital abnormalities or disorders, lifestyle or environmental health problems including malnutrition, and brain injury, nerve injury or spinal cord injury. Neurological infections occur when these viruses and organisms invade the nervous system. Common symptoms of the neurological infectious disease include pain, swelling, redness like impaired function and fever are the characteristics of neural infection.

  • Track 9-1Encephalitis
  • Track 9-2Creutzfeld Jakob and other brain prion diseases
  • Track 9-3Neurosarcoidosis
  • Track 9-4Autoimmune encephalitis
  • Track 9-5Neuro-epidemiological Infectious Disease
  • Track 9-6Prion diseases
  • Track 9-7Brain abscess
  • Track 9-8Meningitis
  • Track 9-9Cerebrovascular Diseases

 Hepatitis is an aggravation of the liver tissue that may be acute or chronic depending on whether it lasts for less than or more than six months. The chronic form may develop to scarring of the liver, liver failure, or liver cancer. Acute hepatitis can resolve all alone, advance to chronic hepatitis, or seldom result in intense liver failure. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum of subspecies pallidum. Syphilis spread mostly through sexual activity and may also be spread from mother to baby during pregnancy or at birth, resulting in congenital syphilis. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is frequently spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. T. vaginalis infection is the main cause asymptomatic urethritis and prostatitis in males that may eventually lead to prostate cancer.

  • Track 10-1Diagnosis,Prophylaxis,Treatment,Therapy
  • Track 10-2Types of Hepatitis
  • Track 10-3Treponema pallidum
  • Track 10-4Epidemiology
  • Track 10-5Jarisch-Herxheimer
  • Track 10-6Congenital syphilis

Dermatology deals with the hair, nails and skin illness. Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the soft tissues underneath. It happens when bacteria enter a break in the skin and spread. Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection. Presenting the skin to air harms has been associated with skin developing and provocative or negatively defenceless skin conditions, for instance, atopic dermatitis, dermatitis, psoriasis or skins break out, while skin development is among the most certifiable effects.

  • Track 11-1Molluscum Contagiosum
  • Track 11-2Impetigo
  • Track 11-3Ringworm
  • Track 11-4Shingles
  • Track 11-5Chickenpox
  • Track 11-6Measles
  • Track 11-7 Acne
  • Track 11-8Cellulitis
  • Track 11-9Gas Gangrene
  • Track 11-10 Smallpox

Acute respiratory infection is an infection that may interfere with normal breathing. It can influence the upper respiratory system, which starts at sinuses and ends at vocal chords. It can also likewise influence the lower respiratory system, which starts at vocal chords and ends at your lungs. This infection is particularly dangerous for children, older adults, and people with immune system disorders. People with lung problems or heart disease are more likely to contract an acute respiratory infection.

  • Track 12-1Pneumonia
  • Track 12-2Influenza
  • Track 12-3Bronchitis
  • Track 12-4COPD
  • Track 12-5Emphysema
  • Track 12-6Asthma
  • Track 12-7Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Track 12-8Cystic Fibrosis

The clinical effect desired is to cause stimulation of an individual's immune system in order to develop an adaptive immunity against the pathogen constituting the vaccine. Immunizations are one among the success stories of recent drugs and their system helps your body fight germs by manufacturing substances to combat them. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen.

 

  • Track 13-1Surveillance for VPDs
  • Track 13-2New Approaches in Polio Eradication
  • Track 13-3Advances and Development
  • Track 13-4Probiotics
  • Track 13-5MMR
  • Track 13-6Polio Vaccines

Cardiovascular disease involves the heart or blood vessels which includes coronary artery diseases such as angina and myocardial infarction. Some effects of stroke are permanent that leads to dying brain cells due to lack of blood and oxygen to the brain. Heart and Cardiovascular Infectious Diseases can be prevented by improving risk factors through consuming less alcohol and tobacco, eating fresh fruit and vegetables, reducing salt intake and avoiding sedentary lifestyles, particularly among children. Recent areas of research include the link between inflammation and atherosclerosis, the potential for novel therapeutic interventions and the genetics of coronary heart disease.

  • Track 14-1Infective endocarditis
  • Track 14-2Pericarditis
  • Track 14-3Atherosclerosis
  • Track 14-4 Ischemic heart Diseases
  • Track 14-5Hypertensive heart diseases
  • Track 14-6Rheumatic heart diseases
  • Track 14-7Inflammatory heart diseases

Major areas of epidemiological study include disease causation, transmission, outbreak investigation, disease surveillance, forensic epidemiology, Occupational epidemiology, screening, biomonitoring, and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. Pandemic, epidemic and endemic infectious diseases are united by a common problem to identify potential pharmacological interventions to treat infections. The large numbers of emerging and neglected infectious diseases are badly affecting the poorest members of the global society; new ways are required to develop high productivity discovery systems that can be applied to a large number of pathogens.

  • Track 15-1Chronic Diseases Epidemiology
  • Track 15-2Clinical Epidemiology
  • Track 15-3Infectious Diseases Epidemiology
  • Track 15-4Molecular Epidemiology
  • Track 15-5Ebola and Zika
  • Track 15-6Parasitic Diseases

Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that occurs in organs of a women’s reproductive system that include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are foremost causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.  A low sperm   motility and low sperm count are indicators of STDs condition in male that may lead to infertility. Trichomoniasis can adversely affect a woman’s ability to conceive a child if left untreated.

  • Track 16-1Genetic disorder
  • Track 16-2Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Track 16-3Poor growth
  • Track 16-4Mental retardation
  • Track 16-5Premature birth
  • Track 16-6Low birth weight
  • Track 16-7Effect of STD’s on Men’s Fertility

Persons with multiple sex partner  are prompt to high risk of getting or transmitting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because they are engage more in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex without a condom, sex with multiple partners) and substance use. Sex workers are main victim of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to increased numbers of partners and incidences of contact.  Sex workers are prefer to practice safer sex as HIV and AIDS seems to be the most important problem they face.

  • Track 17-1Safer sex
  • Track 17-2Peer education on raising awareness regarding STIs
  • Track 17-3Using a condom for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse
  • Track 17-4Risk at Sex workers
  • Track 17-5Promotion and offering of STI screening, treatment and management
  • Track 17-6HIV prevention programmes for sex workers

Many common viral eye infections have an effect on the various parts of the eye. Ophthalmic infectious diseases are mainly focused on medical and surgical techniques and treatments involved in the management of eye diseases. Myopia is a condition of the eye where the light that comes in doesn't directly concentrate on the retina however ahead of it, inflicting the image that one sees once viewing a far-off object to out of focus, however, focused once viewing at a closer object. Diagnosis is based on microscopy, ultrasonography, angiography, optical coherence tomography, autofluorescence imaging and biopsy.

  • Track 18-1Mobility Enhancement and Vision Rehabilitation
  • Track 18-2 Wolbachia plus Onchocerca volvulus
  • Track 18-3Ocular Genomics
  • Track 18-4Keratitis
  • Track 18-5Retina
  • Track 18-6Chlamydia trachomatis

Many organisms live in and on our bodies which are normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person. EIDs are caused by newly identified species or strains that may have evolved from a known infection or spread to a new population. Occupational epidemiology is of great importance in clinical epidemiology and of occupational hygiene since it provides powerful and good information to understand the causes and determinants of work-related ill-health, to help establish what steps should be taken to reduce occupational risks, and to evaluate interventions for the benefits of workers, and of the community in a bigger manner.

  • Track 19-1Lyme disease
  • Track 19-2Zika Virus
  • Track 19-3Dengue virus and West Nile virus
  • Track 19-4Ebola

Viral infections treatment such as HIV comprises patient care and ethical support including antiretroviral therapy. Bacterial infections can be treated by administering antibiotics to the patients. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured, but can manage symptoms with medications. Yeast infections can be primarily treated by sterilisation methods. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs.

  • Track 20-1Good hygienic practices
  • Track 20-2Diagnosis of infectious diseases
  • Track 20-3HPV Vaccines
  • Track 20-4Genital Herpes vaccines
  • Track 20-5Antiviral therapy
  • Track 20-6Ciprofloxacin
  • Track 20-7Tetracycline tablets

Mother-to-child transmission is a common way that children become infected with HIV from their parents. Transmission of HIV spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (through breast milk). Specific programme provides a wide-ranging support and clinical services along with other public health enterprises, to prevent the spread of HIV from parents to their baby.

  • Track 21-1Types of STDs in pregnancy
  • Track 21-2Risk of transmission
  • Track 21-3Antimicrobial drugs
  • Track 21-4STD affects during pregnancy
  • Track 21-5Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV during Childbirth
  • Track 21-6HIV Medicines During Pregnancy and Childbirth

Natural protection is the most relevant way to protect from viruses, bacteria and parasites. HIV infection is a major health crisis in human history. Natural remedies like Curcumin is an effective treatment for HIV-associated diarrhea, Neem leaf extract safely increases CD4 cell levels in patients with HIV/AIDS. Staying healthy will prevent from many infectious diseases.  Interferon-ε helps to protect the female reproductive tract from viral and bacterial infection.  AIDS and hepatitis have been known to spread through needle sharing so care should be taken while sharing needles.

  • Track 22-1Proper Education for STDs
  • Track 22-2Organising programs for awareness
  • Track 22-3Reduce Number of Sex Partners
  • Track 22-4Use of condoms
  • Track 22-5Dietary intake of micronutrients at RDA
  • Track 22-6Consider monogamy
  • Track 22-7Antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral diet

A communicable disease has been spread through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect from one person to the other person. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are mainly caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. The role of the immune system in disease is illustrated with examples of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions.

  • Track 23-1Cancer
  • Track 23-2Heart Disease
  • Track 23-3 Osteoporosis
  • Track 23-4Diabetes
  • Track 23-5Shigellosis
  • Track 23-6Measles
  • Track 23-7Asthma
  • Track 23-8Fibromyalgia

Antimicrobial has a vital role in killing the microorganisms by reducing their growth and metabolic activities. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against bacteria, virus and fungus. They suppress virus, bacteria or fungus and its ability to replicate and, hence, inhibit its capability to multiply and reproduce. An antibiotic is given for the treatment of an infection caused by bacteria. Antibacterial is the most commonly described as agents used to disinfect surfaces and eliminate potentially harmful bacteria. 

  • Track 24-1Bacteriostats, sanitizers, disinfectants and sterilizers
  • Track 24-2Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics
  • Track 24-3Natural antifungals
  • Track 24-4Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Track 24-5New technologies in the development
  • Track 24-6Prescribing Improved agents

A complete study of current trends in the infectious diseases therapeutic and diagnostic market, industry growth drivers, advanced therapies and restraints. It provides market projections for the coming years. It includes analysis of recent developments in technologies of infection diagnosis and treatment. Case-studies focus on acute respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, hepatitis, HIV, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, and other vector-borne diseases.

Infections are caused by micro-organisms known as pathogens, bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that enter the body, multiply, and interfere with normal functions. Infectious diseases are a leading cause of illness and death around the world. Immunization/Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions to date, saving millions of lives1 and protecting countless children from illness and disability.

  • Track 26-1Role of health communication
  • Track 26-2Vaccination
  • Track 26-3Improving preparedness for infectious disease emergencies
  • Track 26-4Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infections
  • Track 26-5Municipal water treatment