The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD that are the most common contagious diseases. STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. STDs can be dangerous, but getting tested is not complicate, and most STDs are easy to treat. It is important to treat STIs as soon as possible and not to spread them, but if an STI is left untreated, it may cause other complications in the body. Division of STD Prevention (DSTDP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention aims to provide national leadership, research, policy development, and scientific information to help people to live safe, healthy lives with the prevention of STDs and their complications.
- Track 1-1Chlamydia
- Track 1-2Gonorrhea
- Track 1-3Genital Herpes
- Track 1-4Syphilis
- Track 1-5Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Track 1-6Viral Hepatitis
Various STDs and STIs are spread from infected person through contact with body fluids such as blood, semen or vaginal fluids and contact with infected skin or mucous membranes, such as sores in the mouth. Bacterial STIs include gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis. Viral STIs include HIV, genital warts (HPV), genital herpes and hepatitis B. Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite.
- Track 2-1Bacterial Vaginosis
- Track 2-2Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
- Track 2-3Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
- Track 2-4Herpes
- Track 2-5HIV
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is an infection that occurs in organs of a women’s reproductive system that include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are foremost causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. A low sperm motility and low sperm count are indicators of STDs condition in male that may lead to infertility. Trichomoniasis can adversely affect a woman’s ability to conceive a child if left untreated.
- Track 3-1Genetic disorder
- Track 3-2Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Track 3-3Poor growth
- Track 3-4Mental retardation
- Track 3-5Premature birth
- Track 3-6Low birth weigh
- Track 3-7Effect of STDâ€™s on Menâ€™s Fertility
Persons with multiple sex partner are prompt to high risk of getting or transmitting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) because they are engage more in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., sex without a condom, sex with multiple partners) and substance use. Sex workers are main victim of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to increased numbers of partners and incidences of contact. Sex workers are prefer to practice safer sex as HIV and AIDS seems to be the most important problem they face.
- Track 4-1Safer sex
- Track 4-2Peer education on raising awareness regarding STIs
- Track 4-3Using a condom for vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse
- Track 4-4Risk at Sex workers
- Track 4-5Promotion and offering of STI screening, treatment and management
- Track 4-6HIV prevention programmes for sex workers
Strong immune response may help to protect against infectious disease. The HIV virus attacks CD4 and destroys these cells, making it harder for the body to fight off other infections. The HIV patient faces weak immune system and hence they need to boost up their immune with proper diets and other supplements. Immunogenetics helps to understand the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and infections under clinical studies of STDs.
- Track 5-1Role of Core Groups
- Track 5-2Detection of infectious diseases
- Track 5-3Role of female immune response
- Track 5-4Sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related enteric infections
- Track 5-5Human Leukocyte Antigen
There are different tests for different sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and depend on the type of STD a person gets. Screening should be done first to detect the presence of STDs and STIs. Screening for HIV, hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis usually takes place at the first prenatal appointment for all pregnant women. HIV infection can be diagnosed by serologic tests that detect antibodies against HIV-1 and HIV-2 and virologic tests help to detect HIV antigens or ribonucleic acid (RNA).
- Track 6-1Detection of antibodies
- Track 6-2Bicillin-LA (benzathine penicillin G)
- Track 6-3Molecular diagnostic
- Track 6-4Procaine Penicillin G
- Track 6-5Neurosyphilis diagnostics
- Track 6-6Serology for detection of antibodies
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest HIV testing as a routine part of medical care for adolescent or adult between the ages of 15 and 65 at least once. STDs may be detected during a physical exam; through Pap smears; and in tests of urine, blood, and genital and anal secretions. For STDs– like herpes, hepatitis, HIV and syphilis, a small blood sample is used for the STD testing while chlamydia and gonorrhea test is done with a urine sample.
- Track 7-1Antibody tests
- Track 7-2HIV RNA
- Track 7-3Whiff test
- Track 7-4Immunochromatographic assays
- Track 7-5Nucleic acid amplification tests
Viral infections treatment such as HIV comprises patient care and ethical support including antiretroviral therapy. Bacterial infections can be treated by administering antibiotics to the patients. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured, but can manage symptoms with medications. Yeast infections can be primarily treated by sterilisation methods. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs.
- Track 8-1Good hygienic practices
- Track 8-2Diagnosis of infectious diseases
- Track 8-3HPV Vaccines
- Track 8-4Genital Herpes vaccines
- Track 8-5Antiviral therapy
- Track 8-6Ciprofloxacin
- Track 8-7Tetracycline tablets
Mother-to-child transmission is a common way that children become infected with HIV from their parents. Transmission of HIV spread from an HIV-infected woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth (also called labor and delivery), or breastfeeding (through breast milk). Specific programme provides a wide-ranging support and clinical services along with other public health enterprises, to prevent the spread of HIV from parents to their baby.
- Track 9-1Types of STDs in pregnancy
- Track 9-2Risk of transmission
- Track 9-3Antimicrobial drugs
- Track 9-4STD affects during pregnancy
- Track 9-5Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV during Childbirth
- Track 9-6HIV Medicines During Pregnancy and Childbirth
Natural protection is the most relevant way to protect from viruses, bacteria and parasites. HIV infection is a major health crisis in human history. Natural remedies like Curcumin is an effective treatment for HIV-associated diarrhea, Neem leaf extract safely increases CD4 cell levels in patients with HIV/AIDS. Staying healthy will prevent from many infectious diseases. Interferon-ε helps to protect the female reproductive tract from viral and bacterial infection. AIDS and hepatitis have been known to spread through needle sharing so care should be taken while sharing needles.
- Track 10-1Proper Education for STDs
- Track 10-2Organising programs for awareness
- Track 10-3Reduce Number of Sex Partners
- Track 10-4Use of condoms
- Track 10-5Dietary intake of micronutrients at RDA
- Track 10-6Consider monogamy
- Track 10-7Antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral diet
Several treatments are introduced against STDs and STIs with modern techniques and equipment. Immediate treatments can cure or reduce diseases caused by STDs. Penicillin G benzathine is the recommended treatment for syphilis for pregnant women infected or exposed to syphilis. Proctoscopy is performed to inspect for lumps, ulcers, pus, and bleeding and specimen collection. Nucleic acid amplification tests reflect the best and gold standard for detecting HSV 1 and 2.
- Track 11-1Fusion Inhibitors
- Track 11-2Expedited Partner Therapy
- Track 11-3Pharmaceutical design of Drug and mechanism
- Track 11-4Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
- Track 11-5Nonoxynol-9
- Track 11-6Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
Various programs are being organized to keep people aware of STDs and STIs for better and safe life. Research shows that rates of STDs among some racial or ethnic minority groups are higher compared to whites. Factors such as poverty, fewer jobs, large gaps between the rich and the poor and low education levels can make it harder for people to stay sexually healthy. Proper screening, testing, diagnosis and treatment for infected individuals help to fight against sexually transmitted diseases at a time.
- Track 12-1Avoid intravenous drugs
- Track 12-2Using latex gloves and other barriers
- Track 12-3Get tested for HIV
- Track 12-4Precursion during intercourse
- Track 12-5Lifestyle and home remedies
Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the most critical health challenges facing in today’s world. Generally, patients suffering from STDs are mainly within 15 to 44 years, and ~500 million new cases of STDs are registered per year. The STDs global testing market was valued at $107,024 million in 2015, and estimated to reach $190,010 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of 8.5% over the forecast period. The growth in the market is primarily attributed to the high growth in HIV and HPV testing, especially in Asia Pacific and African regions along with complimenting growth rate of the European market. Microfluidics is probable grow fastest, growing at a CAGR of 34.2% owing to the ease of use, technological advancements, and quick results in diagnostics.
- Track 13-1STD-AIDS Testing Market by testing devices
- Track 13-2STD-AIDS Testing Market by location
- Track 13-3STD-AIDS Testing Market by geography
- Track 13-4Private & public laboratory testing
- Track 13-5Technological Advancements for STDs diagnostic market
- Track 13-6Market Dynamics